Mites on bee cocoons

There were huge differences in the mite numbers on my red mason bee cocoons and Osmia leaiana bee cocoons,  all taken from my new solitary bee nest box. There were 1000’s on the red mason bee cocoons, with their pinkish plates and colourings (Chaetodactylus osmiae ?) which were mobile and crawling over the cocoons and more mites in an immobile state which were pearly white and inside the individual bee cells.  The mobile mites are the ones that hitch a lift (phoretic mites) as the red mason bees leave the nest after chewing their way out of the cocoons. The other non mobiles stay were they are and await the arrival of new females that wish to use the cells and use the pollen for their own usage. Mites feed upon the pollen stored by solitary bees for their own larvae. Many bees starve to death, are smaller due to lack of food or the bee eggs may  even be eaten by the mites….The mites on O. leaiana  bee cocoons were substantially fewer in numbers, perhaps only half a dozen, in the whole nest box, compared to thousands on the red mason cells. Probably because the red masons are earlier in the year than the O. leaianas. I did not see one Chaetodactylus osmiae at all in the O. leaiana cells or on the cocoons themselves. They were much faster on their feet with different appendages and colourings… perhaps a different species of pollen mite?

Now possibly identified…

From enquiries made to a professional ecologist and mite expert, (Professor!). After viewing the video, he has stated that- ” The mite on the Megachile cell looks like a species of Glycyphagus. G. domesticus is found in a variety of situations so could be the one. These mites are fungivores and detritivores so shouldn’t cause problems. Mites of the genus Vidia are specific associates of leaf-cutter bees. You often see the phoretic form on adult bees, but the other stages are only known for one species. They were found feeding on fungi between the leaf pieces lining the cells”.

Looking at videos and photographs, he mite (!) be right!     A house mite.

“All my articles and videos, available free, are funded by my  teaching and sales of award winning bumblebee nest boxessolitary bee boxes,  and wormeries. Please help by spreading the word and forwarding this link to your friends and colleagues. http://nurturing-nature.co.uk  Thank you” George Pilkington

When I get a little more time I will write an article about the ecology of these mites on the cells and about more of my observations of them.

For more information about solitary bees  or better still join BWARS and help them with their work!

 

{ 4 comments… read them below or add one }

Paul B June 2, 2013 at 4:23 pm

Hi George,

Although it’s not a UK based, a good resource to understand the diversity of bee mites is here: http://insects.ummz.lsa.umich.edu/beemites/

Reply

nurturingnature June 5, 2013 at 7:16 pm

Thanks Paul I will check it out. Cheers George

Reply

ゴヤール バッグ June 17, 2013 at 3:35 am

別メーカーですが、私も金具がよく外れるので、100均でカラビナ(ねじ式にロック出来るタイプ)を上下の金具に付けています。

Reply

nurturingnature June 17, 2013 at 5:09 pm

Nice looking catch. Send me some to trial please! Thanks.

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